Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Impact of biologic therapies on risk of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis or Psoriatic Arthritis: A systematic literature review.
Background: Recent evidence highlights increased mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially within the two major forms of Spondyloarthropathies (SpAs), Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA). Healthcare professionals and patients in these populations should be alerted regarding the high risk of cardiovascular (CV) events and thus, customize the treatment strategy accordingly. Objective: This systematic literature review aimed to determine the effects of biological therapies on serious CV events in AS and PsA. Methods: Screening for the study was carried out using PubMed and Scopus databases from the database's inception to the 17th of July 2021. The literature search strategy for this review is based on the Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcomes (PICOs) framework. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of biologic therapies for the treatment of AS and/or PsA were included. The primary outcome measure was the number of serious CV events reported during the placebo-controlled phase. Results: 4,422 articles were generated from keywords, eligibility criteria, and databases. Following the screening, we retained 13 studies for analysis: 3 in AS and 10 in PsA. Meta-analysis of results was not feasible due to the small number of the identified studies, the heterogeneity of the biologic treatment and the included populations, as well as the infrequently reported requested endpoint. According to our review, biologic treatments are safe options as for CV risk in patients with PsA or AS. Conclusion: Further and more extensive trials in AS/PsA patients at high risk of CV events are needed before firm conclusions can be drawn. Keywords: Spondyloarthropathies, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Psoriatic Arthritis, serious cardiovascular events, biologic therapies.
Konstantina Magiouf, Kalliopi Fragiadaki, Adrianni Charpidou, Alexandros Syrigos, Elias Kotteas, Georgia Kourlaba. Impact of biologic therapies on risk of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis or Psoriatic Arthritis: A systematic literature review.. ARP Rheumatology, Vol 2, nº1 2023:53-63. PMID: 36809367