ARP Rheumatology - Online first: 2024-01-04
Detection of subclinical enthesitis by ultrasonography in patients with psoriasis and controls
Introduction: Psoriasis is a widespread chronic inflammatory skin disease; enthesitis is inflammation of the tendon, ligament, and joint capsule insertion, prevalent in patients with psoriatic arthritis. Objectives: The aim of study to evaluate the utility of the Madrid Sonography Enthesitis Index scoring system for accurate detection of subclinical enthesitis in patients with Psoriasis compared with healthy controls. Another objective was to assess increase in enthesis area and Psoriatic arthritis incidence, in a prospective 1-year follow-up. Method: Patients aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with Psoriasis, without musculoskeletal complaints, and who did not have any clinical sign and/or symptom of enthesitis and synovitis were included in the study. The patients and healthy controls were evaluated with ultrasonography. Ultrasonography evaluation consisted of the detection of gray-scale enthesitis and power Doppler signal in the enthesis areas. The Madrid Sonography Enthesitis Index scoring system was used to quantify the extent of the sonographic enthesis abnormalities. Results: The mean MASEI score, structure, thickness, erosion, and calcification were significantly higher in the Psoriasis group than in the control group. The mean MASEI score, structure, erosion, and calcification measurements were significantly higher at the last examination when compared to the first examination. The triceps was the most commonly affected tendon in both groups. Conclusion: Ultrasonography is an important tool for diagnosis and follow-up of subclinical enthesitis in patients with psoriasis. Regardless of disease duration and severity, patients should be screened using ultrasonography at yearly intervals.
Duygu Silte Karamanlioglu, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Eylem Ceren Arıkan, Betul Pirdal, Gulcan Ozturk, Ilknur Aktas. Detection of subclinical enthesitis by ultrasonography in patients with psoriasis and controls. ARP Rheumatology, 2024, online-first - http://www.arprheumatology.com/article_abstract.php?id=1503