ARP Rheumatology
ARP Rheumatology
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ARP Rheumatology - Online first: 2024-04-13
Original article

Preconception counseling impact in pregnancy outcomes in patients with spondyloarthritis

Authors

Beirão T, Nicolau R, Santos I, Guimarães F, Aguiar F, Ganhão S, Rodrigues M, Martins N, Rocha A, Monteiro S, Brito I

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of chronic inflammatory diseases, often affecting women in reproductive age. These diseases can have a significant impact on the reproductive health of women. Preconception counseling and medication adjustments have shown to reduce flares and improve pregnancy outcomes in women with rheumatoid arthritis. However, in women with SpA data of the impact of preconception counselling on pregnancy outcomes is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate that. Methods: In this retrospective multicentric study, data was collected from medical records of women who gave birth from 2020 to 2022. The study included 45 pregnancies, which were divided into two categories whether they received preconception consultation or not. Data was collected on patient characteristics, disease duration, medications used, and preconception counselling. Outcomes were divided into two groups: maternal and fetal outcomes. Results: 30 out of 45 pregnancies (66.67%) had received preconception counselling, having a significantly lower percentage of flares occurring postpartum compared to the non-counselling group (36.6% vs 6.4%, p=0.031) and lower percentage of contraindicated medication during pregnancy (20.0 vs 0.0%, p=0.011). Conclusion: Preconception counselling in women with SpA can increase the likelihood of medication adjustments before pregnancy and decrease the occurrence of flares postpartum. These findings suggest that preconception counselling should be implemented in the management of pregnant women with SpA to improve pregnancy outcomes. Further studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness of preconception counselling and to determine the optimal approach.

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Publication:

2024-04-13

Cite:

Tiago Beirão, Rafaela Nicolau, Inês Santos, Francisca Guimarães, Francisca Aguiar, Sara Ganhão, Mariana Rodrigues, Nádia Martins, Anabela Rocha, Sofia Monteiro, Iva Brito. Preconception counseling impact in pregnancy outcomes in patients with spondyloarthritis. ARP Rheumatology, 2024, online-first - http://www.arprheumatology.com/article_abstract.php?id=1515
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